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Eugène Boudin
(Honfleur 1824 - 1898 Deauville)

“Noce à Plougastel”

Watercolour, pencil/paper
13 x 21,5 cm
Stamped with monogram ‘E.B’(Lugt 828, l.r.) and titled (l.l.)
More info

Notes

Eugène Boudin was a French painter best known for his sensitive and lively depictions of beach scenes and windswept harbors. He is considered one of the earliest plein-air painters, who completed his canvases entirely in situ rather than from studies back in the studio. The location of the wedding depicted in this lovely watercolour, Plougastel, is situated in Brittany across from the city Brest. The artist would make regular trips to this area during his lifetime and his very last trip in 1897. Looking at other watercolours of his oeuvre shows he made several more similar watercolours in Plougastel during the period 1867-1872.

Background

In 1835 Boudin’s family moved to Le Havre, where Boudin’s father opened a store for stationery and picture frames. Here the young Boudin came into contact with artists working in the area and exhibited in the shop the paintings of Constant Troyon and Jean-François Millet, who, along with Jean-Baptiste Isabey and Thomas Couture whom he met during this time, encouraged young Boudin to follow an artistic career. At the age of 22 he abandoned the world of commerce, started painting full-time, and travelled to Paris the following year and then through Flanders. In 1850 he earned a scholarship that enabled him to move to Paris, although he often returned to paint in Normandy and, from 1855, made regular trips to Brittany.

Dutch 17th-century masters profoundly influenced him, and on meeting the Dutch painter Johan Jongkind, who had already made his mark in French artistic circles, Boudin was advised by his new friend to paint outdoors (en plein air). He also worked with Troyon and Isabey, and in 1859 met Gustave Courbet who introduced him to Charles Baudelaire, the first critic to draw Boudin’s talents to public attention when the artist made his debut at the 1859 Paris Salon.

In 1857/58 Boudin befriended the young Claude Monet, then only 18, and persuaded him to give up his teenage caricature drawings and to become a landscape painter, helping to instill in him a love of bright hues and the play of light on water later evident in Monet’s Impressionist paintings. The two remained lifelong friends and Monet later paid tribute to Boudin’s early influence. Boudin joined Monet and his young friends in the first Impressionist exhibition in 1873, but never considered himself a radical or innovator.

Boudin’s growing reputation enabled him to travel extensively in the 1870s. He visited Belgium, the Netherlands and southern France, and from 1892 to 1895 made regular trips to Venice. He continued to exhibit at the Paris Salons, receiving a third place medal at the Paris Salon of 1881, and a gold medal at the 1889 Exposition Universelle. In 1892 Boudin was made a knight of the Légion d’honneur, a somewhat tardy recognition of his talents and influence on the art of his contemporaries.

Provenance

– Grand Palais Biennale Paris 1977 with Noortman;
– Sold to Collection Mertens-Gerards;
– with Douwes Fine Art at TEFAF 1997;
– Sold a private Dutch collection;
– thence by bestowment to the current owners.

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